Migraines are severe headaches that are characterized by throbbing pain, nausea, and aural visions. They’re often difficult for medical professionals to understand as they manifest differently in many patients. Some of the most common causes of migraines are dehydration, trauma, depression, and skeletal issues.
What Are Migraines?
Migraines are a neurological disorder that is caused by a variety of factors — a family history of migraines being one of the most common. Depending on the severity and cause of a migraine, this throbbing headache can last anywhere from a few hours to several days.
Some migraine sufferers begin experiencing these debilitating headaches as early as childhood while others don’t begin suffering from them until they reach adulthood.
What Causes Migraines?
Unfortunately, it’s hard to pinpoint the exact cause of migraines in each person because there’s a long list of health issues that can lead to migraines. Just some of the top causes of migraines are:
- Hormonal imbalances
- Poor posture
- Side effects of medications
The Migraine Research Foundation states that three times the number of women suffer from migraines as men. When you look at the causes of migraines, it’s easy to see why. These types of headaches are often triggered by hormonal imbalances and other issues that afflict women more than men.
Some people suffer from migraines due to psychological disorders. One of the most common disorders is PTSD, and many sufferers experience migraines in conjunction with a flashback episode.
For these reasons, migraines are often considered both a biological and psychological affliction.
To some, a migraine might seem like a horrendous headache; yet, migraine sufferers know that these episodes are so much more than a simple headache. Some of the most common symptoms of migraines include:
- Dry mouth
- Light sensitivity
- Intense pain in the head, neck, and back
- Mirage-like visuals
- Nausea and vomiting
- Sound sensitivity
- Decreased energy
- Loss of vision
Again, everyone who suffers from migraines is different. You may not experience all of the above symptoms, and symptoms vary in severity from person to person.
How to Prevent Migraines
Migraines are hard to treat once they strike. That’s why the best way to get rid of a migraine is to prevent it altogether. The best ways to prevent migraines are:
- Stay hydrated
- Get at least eight hours of sleep each night
- Practice good posture
- Reduce stress and anxiety through meditation or mindfulness health apps and practices
- Ask your doctor to switch up medications with harsh side effects
- Take it easy during pregnancy
- Eat foods that support your hormones
- Keep an over-the-counter migraine medication on hand
Medical Treatments for Migraines
Choosing between your antidepressant and migraine-free lifestyle isn’t easy. Especially when your antidepressant might be preventing some of your migraines. Luckily, there are plenty of ways to thwart debilitating pain, light sensitivity, and other migraine symptoms.
Just some of the treatments that can help ease the pain and other symptoms of migraines include:
- Botox injections
- Pain medications
- CBD oil
- Hormone therapy
- Anti-nausea medicine
- Counseling and therapy
Migraines can seem as though they’re taking over your life. Luckily, there are plenty of ways to prevent them before they happen — and to treat them over time.